Based on the number of femicides that had been happening in Argentina during 2014, a group of communicators organized a reading on the Plaza de la Biblioteca Nacional on March 26, 2015. There they read the poems of the Mexican juarense and activist, Susana Chavez Castillo, who was the first voice to speak about the deaths that occurred in Ciudad Juarez, Mexico. This poet said: "Not one more dead, not one less." Her activism was worth her life and during 2011 three young people killed her.

From that reading in Buenos Aires, the name "Ni una menos" arose and it was the beginning to think that something had to be done to make visible the gender violence that grew in Argentina every day.

Then, in May of that same year, Argentina was in veil for the disappearance of Chiara Páez. A girl of just 14 who lived in the Province of Santa Fe, in the north of the country. Chiara was the Manuel’s girlfriend, a boy almost the same age as her. One afternoon in his house, a fight broke out, it is not known whether because of her early pregnancy or what else. That discussion ended Chiara's life because of the blows her boyfriend gave her. Her family looked for her desperately, as well as her city, her friends and the whole country. Until they found her shattered and buried in the garden of the house of her boyfriend's family.
It was not the only femicide that occurred and that occurs in Argentina with these characteristics, neither in the whole world: women live all the time enduring different types of violence that since childhood have it incorporated as part of their blood and as part of the history of our lives. However, it was the femicide of Chiara Páez in Argentina, which prompted those communicators, who had already gathered in different spaces to think about how to make visible the agony of enduring the deaths of thousands of women. They resolved through social networks, calling a strike with the slogan #NiUnaMenos. The peaceful convocation was called for June,3 of that same year and it was replicated in all the provinces of the country.

In the City of Buenos Aires, the mass was in the square that is in front of the National Congress. There, a stage was set up where they invited other victims who suffered gender violence and relatives they no longer had, neither their daughter, nor their wife, nor their mother. That first June, 3, 2015, it was requested, among other things, to accomplish the 26.485 law of comprehensive protection for women, in order to prevent, punish and eradicate violence against women in the areas in which their interpersonal relationships develop. They also made a formal request to the national government to collect and publish official statistics that The National Council of women did not put it in motion before that day. The orders were read by communicators, feminist activists and workers of the national culture in front of a square  overflowed with women, girls, adolescents and some men. The call was a success throughout the country and gained worldwide visibility.

After the march, it was achieved, as an immediate measure, that the Supreme Court of Justice made the national registry of femicides of the Argentine justice (that actually are not updated statistics, only 2016’s statistics) and the creation of the Body of Gender Violence’s lawyers was also sanctioned (Law n ° 27.210).

The global feminist strike - an action that emerged from Argentina in 2017 - and the marches that are organized in assemblies, horizontally and without measuring social classes, is replicated in many parts of the world. Independently against governments that in different countries  are absent in front of the deaths of millions of women. More and more women in the world are asking for their rights and for disarming a patriarchal systems where there is a spread of femicide, gender violence and the different micro machismo permeates many women’s home.

As long as this labyrinth of underestimation towards women, girls and adolescents is not disarmed, we will never be able to speak about a fair and respectful global system. From an organization based on listening among women, no violence neighborhood assemblies, women are demonstrating to the whole world what this social and political movement is worth and what the rights of all women in the world are worth.

Femicides do not discriminate, neither social classes, nor countries, nor cities.

Irupè Tentorio

Translation from the spanish original text available on demand



It was born In Italy at the end of 2016, on the long wave of what is now called the "Argentine call". And from there comes its name too.
Non Una Di Meno (NUdM) is the Italian feminist movement that, in the wake of the Argentine movement, Ni Una Menos, fights against male and gender violence in all its forms. A ferment, that started from Latin America, which has activated strong international connections outlining a struggle field and common demand, shared by feminist and transfeminist networks and by all the subjectivities that recognize themselves in an intersectional approach. Adopting this setting it means considering violence in broader terms, analyzing all forms of oppression that are grafted onto economic and social differences, of origin and class, gender and sexual identity. It means unmasking institutional and structural violence that permeates every corner of society, imposing on women, migrants and subjectivity LGBTQI * imposed roles, precariousness and impassable borders.
To fight against patriarchal violence therefore means for NUdM to recognize its systemic character and to fight against every form of hierarchy and oppression. A battle articulated on several levels and aimed at a radical transformation of society.
The movement defines itself as feminist, anti-fascist and anti-racist and, throughout Europe, seeks to dictate a new political agenda to counter attacks from the increasingly numerous neo-conservative governments and neoliberal economic policies that exploit and marginalize people. It claims the right of women to decide on their bodies, opposing all those reactionary logic that try to impose gender roles and an idea of ​​sexuality aimed solely at procreation (thanks to the push of feminist movements in Ireland, on May 25 2018, the prohibition of abortion was abrogated). It moves against sexual violence and feminicides, whose data are increasingly alarming. It is opposed to all those forces of government ready to exploit violence against women to justify racist and security policies (exemplary in this sense is the case of Macerata, in Italy). It fights against economic violence, the blackmail of precarious work or a residence permission, which has women and migrants as an easy target. It intends to subvert power relations that generate harassment, violence, racism and economic and social inequalities.
A strong word hold, a river that has become tidal and has found in every country its primary demands and claims. In Italy, the Non Una Di Meno movement emerged in full force on March 8, 2017, with the adhesion to the first International Women's Strike called from the Argentinian movement Ni una Menos. Since then it has not stopped its activities being transformed, as in other countries, into a political subject in all respects, autonomous and driving for many realities of movement.
However, the challenge remains as large as it is complex, and can only count on the dedication of the activists and the strength of their horizontal practices. The goal is the subversion of a system that, in fact, prevents the full freedom of self-determination of women and all those non-aligned subjectivities. An equally complex system in constant evolution, which needs to be analyzed frequently, of change in change.

                                                                                                                                     Stefania Biamonti

Translation from the italian original text available on demand



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Ni una menos
-
The movement

Texts by
Irupe' Tentorio
&
Stefania Biamonti